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BaseBall - the Basic Concept

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The basic contest

The basic contest is always between the pitcher for the fielding team, and a batter. The pitcher throws (pitches) the ball towards home plate, where the catcher for the fielding team waits (in a crouched stance) to receive it.

The Teams

Baseball is a sport played between two teams of nine players each. There are two versions of the game - is referred to as hardball in contrast to the very similar game of softball.

Modern version of the game

The modern version of the game was developed in North America beginning in the eighteenth century. Baseball, both the professional and amateur levels, is popular in North America, Central America, parts of South America, parts of the Caribbean, and East Asia. It evolved from earlier bat-and-ball games, such as rounders, brought to the continent by British and Irish immigrants.

Although there has been general agreement that modern baseball is a North American development from the older game rounders, the distinct evolution of baseball from among the various bat-and-ball games is difficult to trace.

The game

Baseball is played between two teams of nine players each on a baseball field, under the authority of one or more officials, called umpires. There are usually four umpires in major league games; up to six (and as few as one) may officiate depending on the league and the importance of the game. There are four bases. Numbered counter-clockwise, first, second and third bases are cushions (sometimes informally referred to as bags) shaped as 15 in (38 cm) squares which are raised a short distance above the ground; together with home plate, the fourth "base," they form a square with sides of 90 ft (27.4 m) called the diamond. Home base (plate) is a pentagonal rubber slab known as simply home.

The game is played in nine innings (although it can be played with fewer, such as it is in little league games) in which each team gets one turn to bat and try to score runs while the other pitches and defends in the field. An inning is broken up into two halves in which the away team bats in the top (first) half, and the home team bats in the bottom (second) half. In baseball, the defense always has the ball a fact that differentiates it from most other team sports. The teams switch every time the defending team gets three players of the batting team out. The winner is the team with the most runs after nine innings.


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