Sports, Money and Profit
Basketball in General
Basketball is a sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 10-foot high hoop (the basket) under organized rules.
The ball is advanced on the court by either the bouncing of the ball up and down while moving (known as dribbling) or by passing it between teammates. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the 1950s as manufacturing improved the ball shape.
Disruptive physical contact is called a foul and is not permitted. There are also restrictions on how the ball can be handled, misshandling result in violations. Points are scored by passing the ball through the basket from above the rim. The team with more points at the end of the game wins. Two (2) points for a normal shot, one (1) point for "free throw" and three (3) points out side the "three point line.
The history of basketball dates to early December 1891. Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education student and instructor at YMCA Training School (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA, sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot (3.05 m) elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, so balls scored into the basket had to be poked out with a long dowel each time. A soccer ball was used to shoot goals. Whenever a person got it in the basket, they would give their team a point. Whoever got the most points, they would win the game.
Competition basketball is played indoors to limit the effects of weather involved in the game, such as wind or rain. Although competitive basketball is primarily an indoor sport, played on a basketball court, less regulated variations have become exceedingly popular as an outdoor sport among both inner city and rural groups.
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NBA is an acronym for the National Basketball Association. The NBA is an American professional men's basketball league, comprised of 30 teams. The NBA is one of the four major North American professional sports leagues, which also includes the NHL, the NFL and MLB. It is an active member of USA Basketball, which is recognized by the International Basketball Federation as the National Governing Body for basketball in the United States.
The NBA league was founded in New York City, on June 6, 1946 as the Basketball Association of America. It adopted the name National Basketball Association in the autumn of 1949 after merging with the rival National Basketball League. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey. However, the league has several international as well as individual team offices directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York City.
The Basketball Association of America was founded by the owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern United States and Canada and Midwest United States. On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers which the NBA now regards as the first game played in the league's history.
On August 3, 1949, the BAA agreed to merge with the NBL, expanding the National Basketball Association to seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1954, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises, all of which are still in the league (the Knicks, Celtics, Warriors, Lakers, Royals/Kings, Pistons, Hawks, and Nationals/76ers).
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