Philosophy and Mindset
Philosophy in General
While this section will cover philosophy in general, it is more specific about my personal philosophy.
Many, even most laypersons, who advocate science do so without reasoning yet claim to be the ones who are reasoning. The religious claim to not need reasoning or that the reasoning of God is beyond the reasoning of man. Neither is correct, all who have any degree of brain and or mind do in fact reason, some just do so incorrectly and even reason upon too limited an amount of knowledge.
Motley - composed of diverse often incongruous elements!
Science deals with a small portion of reality while trying to understand the whole. Likewise, religious views try to live by too much esoteric views while denying the value of the physical.
Existence is composed of a multiplicity of phenomena that neither of the two concepts, (science or scientific concept) and (religion or the religious concept), seem to be able to accept or even comprehend exist.
The science of philosophy deals with reasoning on all phenomena that makes up our existence. And, our existence is directly or indirectly tied into all phenomena whether the phenomenon is known to exist or not.
"The great thing however is, in the show of the temporal and the transient to recognize the substance which is immanent and the eternal which is present. For the work of Reason (which is synonymous with the Idea) when considered in its own actuality, is to simultaneously enter external existence and emerge with an infinite wealth of forms, phenomena and phases - a multiplicity that envelops its essential rational kernel with a motley outer rind with which our ordinary consciousness is earliest at home. It is this rind that the Concept must penetrate before Reason can find its own inward pulse and feel it still beating even in the outward phases. But this infinite variety of circumstances which is formed in this element of externality by the light of the rational essence shining in it - all this infinite material, with its regulatory laws - is not the object of philosophy....To comprehend what is, is the task of philosophy: and what is is Reason." Hegel, Werke, vii, 17
Eastern vs Western Philosophy
There are two major types of cultures in the world; the Hebrew (or eastern) culture and the Greek (or western) culture. Hebraism vs Hellenism. Our present world is shaped by these two points of influence, and, there is a fundamental differences in the mindset of the Hebrews of Biblical times, and the Western, Hellenistic way of thinking.
The Western, Hellenistic mind is found in the area of knowing vs. the Hebrew mind which is founded upon doing. "Correct" conduct is the ultimate concern of the Hebrew. The Greek's ultimate concern is in what they consider to be "right" thinking.
The Greek seek a spontaneous and luminous play of the intelligence, while duty to purpose and strictness of conscience are paramount in life for the Hebrew. The Greek mindset views the world through abstract thought. The Hebrew mindset views the world through the collective use of the senses - concrete thought.
The World to Come
The Greek abstract thought places 'heaven' (The World to Come), as a totally separate place from this present life. In the concrete thought of the Hebrew, man already exists in both worlds and is responsible to be 'righteous' citizens of both worlds - the spiritual realm is the guide of the physical realm. Thus, for the Hebrew, his or her ultimate eternal existence is the reward for "correct" action (living).
Below is a brief excerpt for the subjects covered and how they relate to my over-all concepts of reality. Each section will be developed more fully on their own pages.
General Philosophy: This is a general overview of the definition of philosophy
Mind: Here we explore the nature of mind, it's western and eastern concepts.
Mindset: This section involves the research into the nature of mindsets and how they affect society and individual choices in life.
Eastern Mindset: Here we look in depth at the eastern mindset.
Western Mindset: We also balance our views with an indepth look at the western mindset.
Eastern (Hebraic) Philosophy
Eastern (Hebraic) Philosophy: Here we attempt to understand eastern philosophy.
Western (Helenic) Philosophy
Western (Helenic) Philosophy: Here we look in depth at the western philosophy.
Problems of Philosophy
The Problems of Philosophy
The Problems of Philosophy
'Is there any knowledge in the world which is so certain that no reasonable man could doubt it?' Philosophy is the attempt to answer such ultimate questions, not carelessly and dogmatically, as we might deal with them in ordinary life, but critically, after analysing how and why the questions arise and clarifying the assumptions and concepts on which they are based. This classic work, first published in 1912, has never been supplanted as an approachable introduction to the theory of philosophical enquiry. It gives Russell's views on such subjects as the distinction between appearance and reality, the existence and nature of matter, idealism, knowledge by acquaintance and by description, induction, and the limits and value of philosophical knowledge. This edition includes an introduction by John Skorupski contextualizing Russell's work, and a guide to further reading.
Philosophy and Mindset