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General Philosophy

Philosophy, in general, involves the rational thought process that is used to analyze and/or comprehend intellectual matters. Philosophers use critical thinking [critical analysis and application of reflective thought processes] to reach an understanding of reality (the meaning of life) and to solve the problems and general condition of humankind.

While philosophy is not considered a true science because it is does not answer these questions empirically - do not use experimentation or record-keeping to resolve these problems - these questions are however, answered by wise men and women. The philosophers approach such questions through the application of deep thought with an open and inquiring mind.

People may or may not agree with the conclusions of the philosophers, but often these thinkers come up with those ideas that serve to cause others to think about their own lives, about the world in which they live, and how and why things happen the way they do.

The aspects of philosophy

One of the aspects of philosophy is the academic discipline concerned with making explicit the nature and significance of ordinary and scientific beliefs and investigating the intelligibility of concepts by means of rational argument concerning their presuppositions, implications, and interrelationships.

  • In particular, it is the rational investigation of the nature and structure of reality (metaphysics).
  • Another aspect of philosophy is the study of the resources and limits of knowledge (epistemology).
  • A third aspect of philosophy is the study of the principles and import of moral judgment (ethics).
  • And, the study of the relationship between language and reality (semantics) is yet a fourth aspect of philosophy.
But, the final aspect of it all is that phisolophy is a personal outlook or viewpoint.


Spinoza: Complete Works

The only single edition of the Spinoza corpus available in English, this volume features Samuel Shirley's pre-eminent translations of Ethics; Theological-Political Treatise; Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect; Metaphysical Thoughts; The Letters; Principles of Cartesian Philosophy; and Political Treatise. Also includes The Short Treatise on God, Man, and His Well-Being, and Hebrew Grammar. Michael Morgan provides a general Introduction that places Spinoza in Western philosophy and culture, and sketches the philosophical, scientific, and religious moral and political dimensions of Spinoza's thought. Brief introductions to each work give succinct historical and philosophical overviews. A bibliography and index are also included.

Spinoza: Complete Works


The Philosophy of Spinoza - Special Edition: On God, On Man, and On Man's Well Being

Often named the "Prince of Philosophers," Benedict Baruch Spinoza is considered one of the most prominent "Rationalists" in the history of Philosophy. His scientifically grounded work laid the foundation for the 18th century "Enlightenment," and modern biblical criticism. His ideas were branded as heresy, by both Christian and Jewish religious leaders. This special edition of "The Philosophy of Spinoza" contains 3 full essays, originally published in 1926 and edited by Joseph Ratner. His introduction to the life of Spinoza also includes an analysis of the writings and world view of the Dutch philosopher. Collected in this special edition are the full length original texts of: 1) On God 2) On Man 3) On Man's Well-being

The Philosophy of Spinoza - Special Edition: On God, On Man, and On Man's Well Being



    "Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language." - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -


1. Love and pursuit of wisdom by intellectual means and moral self-discipline.
2. Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods.
3. A system of thought based on or involving such inquiry: the philosophy of Hume.
4. The critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs.
5. The disciplines presented in university curriculums of science and the liberal arts, except medicine, law, and theology.
6. The discipline comprising logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, and epistemology.
7. A set of ideas or beliefs relating to a particular field or activity; an underlying theory: an original philosophy of advertising.
8. A system of values by which one lives: has an unusual philosophy of life.


General Philosophy





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